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Texas Civilian Labor Force Reaches Record 15 Million People

News Category Press Releases
June 16, 2023

AUSTIN – For the first time in history, the Texas seasonally adjusted civilian labor force crossed the 15 million threshold, adding 49,000 people over the month to reach 15,009,300 in May. Though the unemployment rate increased slightly to 4.1 percent, the number of employed also reached a new record high at nearly 14.4 million. Texas total nonfarm employment increased by 51,000 positions over the month—adding more jobs than any other state—to reach a 20th consecutive series-high job count at 13,918,700 total nonfarm jobs and achieved 27 consecutive months of growth. Since May 2022, Lone Star State employment grew by 529,800 positions—outpacing every state in the nation by number and percentage of jobs added.

“With a record-breaking 15 million Texans in the civilian labor force, the Lone Star State is a great place for employers and job seekers alike,” said TWC Chairman Bryan Daniel. “And the 687,000 job openings reported by Texas employers represent even greater opportunity for Texans and the Texas economy.”

Texas outpaced the nation for jobs added over the month and over the year, with a 4.0 percent annual growth from May 2022 to May 2023, compared to the nation’s 2.7 percent. Professional and Business Services led all major industries with a monthly addition of 21,500 jobs, followed by Trade, Transportation and Utilities with 11,800 positions. Mining and Logging notched 7,000 jobs, a 3.3 percent gain over the month.

“One of the many strengths of Texas employers is the ability to lead the nation when it comes to job creation, innovation, and industry standards,” said TWC Commissioner Representing Employers Aaron Demerson. “In addition, Texas continues to stand out with the most Fortune 500 companies in the nation calling the Lone Star State home.”

The Midland Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) reached the lowest unemployment rate among Texas MSAs with a not seasonally adjusted rate of 2.6 percent in May, followed by both Amarillo and College Station-Bryan at 3.2 percent, then both Lubbock and Odessa at 3.4 percent.

“This is a big milestone—15 million people who want to offer their skills to employers,” said TWC Commissioner Representing Labor Alberto Treviño III. “TWC supports quality child care and early learning, career and technical education, and adult education and literacy opportunities to obtain or enhance those skills.”

Employment estimates released by TWC are produced in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics. All estimates are subject to revision. To access this and more employment data, visit

The Texas Labor Market & Career Information Data for June is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 21, 2023, at 9:00 a.m. (CDT).

Civilian Labor Force Estimates for Texas Metropolitan Statistical Areas Not Seasonally Adjusted (In Thousands)
 May 2023April 2023May 2022
United States166,702.0161,002.05,700.03.4166,221.0161,075.05,146.03.1164,157.0158,609.05,548.03.4
Austin-Round Rock1,431.31,381.949.43.51,437.91,393.744.23.11,388.21,350.737.42.7
Beaumont-Port Arthur169.3158.610.76.3169.5159.99.65.6164.6155.59.15.5
College Station-Bryan149.6144.74.83.2150.6146.34.32.9146.0141.84.32.9
Corpus Christi204.9195.69.34.5204.9196.48.54.2203.2193.99.34.6
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington4,364.44,198.1166.33.84,381.64,231.7149.83.44,232.04,093.1138.93.3
Dallas-Plano-Irving MD2,956.02,842.6113.43.82,967.92,865.9102.13.42,866.42,773.293.23.3
Fort Worth-Arlington MD1,408.41,355.552.93.81,413.61,365.947.83.41,365.61,319.945.73.3
El Paso377.2360.217.04.5378.7363.315.44.1371.7356.814.94.0
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land3,587.33,428.7158.64.43,590.43,448.7141.83.93,499.43,362.2137.23.9
San Angelo57.355.22.13.657.655.
San Antonio-New Braunfels1,287.21,,285.41,241.544.03.41,246.41,203.542.93.4
Wichita Falls64.562.02.53.965.
Texas Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Employment Seasonally Adjusted
INDUSTRY TITLEMay 2023*Apr 2023May 2022Apr '23 to May '23May '22 to May '23
Absolute ChangePercent ChangeAbsolute ChangePercent Change
Total Nonagricultural13,918,700 13,867,700 13,388,900 51,000 0.4   529,800 4.0     
Total Private11,874,800 11,826,500 11,402,800 48,300 0.4   472,000 4.1     
Goods Producing1,967,100 1,960,700 1,896,600 6,400 0.3   70,500 3.7     
Mining and Logging222,100 215,100 198,800 7,000 3.3   23,300 11.7     
Construction796,200 796,400 775,100 -200 0.0   21,100 2.7     
Manufacturing948,800 949,200 922,700 -400 0.0   26,100 2.8     
Service Providing11,951,600 11,907,000 11,492,300 44,600 0.4   459,300 4.0     
Trade, Transportation, and Utilities2,782,900 2,771,100 2,704,500 11,800 0.4   78,400 2.9     
Information241,900 241,000 228,400 900 0.4   13,500 5.9     
Financial Activities908,600 906,000 875,600 2,600 0.3   33,000 3.8     
Professional and Business Services2,151,500 2,130,000 2,063,300 21,500 1.0   88,200 4.3     
Education and Health Services1,881,300 1,874,500 1,790,900 6,800 0.4   90,400 5.0     
Leisure and Hospitality1,465,600 1,468,600 1,398,900 -3,000 -0.2   66,700 4.8     
Other Services475,900 474,600 444,600 1,300 0.3   31,300 7.0     
Government2,043,900 2,041,200 1,986,100 2,700 0.1   57,800 2.9     


Texas Workforce Commission is a state agency dedicated to helping Texas employers, workers, and communities prosper economically. For details on TWC and its services in coordination with its local workforce development boards network, call 512-463-8942 or visit Subscribe to email updates to receive notifications about TWC programs and services.