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Unemployment Benefits is an employer-paid program that provides temporary, partial income replacement to eligible workers who, through no fault of their own:

  • Lost their job, or
  • Are working reduced hours

To be eligible, workers must:

  • Meet requirements about their past earnings and their job separation or reduced hours
  • Register for work search at
  • Be able and available for work
  • Be actively searching for work

TWC sends employers notice of claims filed if they were the individual's last employer or the claim is based on wages they paid the individual. TWC will request job separation and earnings history related to unemployment claims. Businesses and employers can visit Employer Benefits Services and the Unemployment Tax Program for details.

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Authority & Funding

The Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) administers the Unemployment Benefits program in Texas. Unemployment Insurance (UI) is a partnership between the federal and state governments. The U.S. Department of Labor oversees the UI program. At the state level, the Senate Committee on Economic Development and the House Economic and Small Business Development Committee oversee the UI program.

Employer-paid state unemployment taxes and reimbursements pay for state unemployment benefits. The U.S. Department of Labor allocates funds from the Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) to the states to pay for administrative and operational costs.

The Texas Unemployment Compensation Act (TUCA) and other state and federal laws and regulations govern the Unemployment Benefits program. Additional laws, regulations, and guidance include:


Most federal reporting requirements are detailed in the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) Employment and Training Administration Employment and Training Handbook 401.

DOL Reports - Claim and Benefit Information by State

Agency Reports